Today, in this article, we are going to discuss the top 5 major problems in the Indian education system.
Education plays an important role in the development of a person and as a whole in the development of an entire nation. If we look at history, the Indian Education System indeed has some positive points as well but according to the modern era, the Indian Education System has some major problems which the government needs to work on to compete with the world.
India’s educational environment is constantly changing. Especially, during the COVID-19 Pandemic it has gone through several ups and downs in various aspects. The Indian Educational System is facing many challenges including a lack of practical subjects, the choice for students to choose from more versatile subjects, and training are the biggest challenges and issues in the education system of today’s era.
To develop the best educational system in India, we should need to eliminate the following factors from our education system.
1. Too Much Pressure On Grades
In India’s educational system, Student’s performance and intelligence levels are thought to be mostly judged by their grades. In addition, extra co-curricular activities are viewed as a distraction from academics. This thought and mentality give birth to the idea that only doctors, engineers, lawyers and chartered accountants are good professionals and everybody in India wishes that their child whether boy or girl should become one of these. To achieve that, an individual has to score 99.9% in India. But this should not be the case. Students should be encouraged to make a career in the field of their interest. Nothing in this world is good or bad, it is our thinking that makes it so.
2. Lack Of Budget
Early days of school required students to travel physically and attend classes. This means that all the facilities and services the school would need to provide its students would come at a cost. Even though the students would have to spend a lot of time, effort and money on the daily travel to school. Due to the lack of budget, many students can’t get quality and proper education. However, the government has introduced many schemes to make sure that every child in the country can get education but still, the majority of the students aren’t aware of these schemes and they can’t avail such opportunities. Even though, with the help of advanced technology, educationists have been able to overcome all the geographic and financial limitations. However, it is quite true that proper internet connection and devices which run the required softwares are still challenging for most of them. So, it is one of the second major problems in the Indian Education System.
3. Not Focusing On Overall Growth
To import knowledge practically rather than theoretically is one of the biggest challenges for the Indian Education System. Remember the time when we were studying algebra, at that time we were pretty sure that we would never use it in our lives, despite that, we studied that because it is important according to our education system.
However, ed-tech platforms are helping to solve this issue by highlighting the progress that students have made overall. Nowadays, advanced educational methods that are made possible by using technology stress practical experience, hands-on learning experience, and the cultivation of soft skills in addition to knowledge about the subject.
Experience in education may be tailored and modified to fit the requirements of a particular child. This was not possible, in the traditional school system.
4. Too Much Competition
In this world of perfection, only those students who have scored almost 90% and above would be regarded as highly intelligent. But this point of view needs to change. Even with a lower score, a student can still be intelligent and capable. Grades can’t determine a student’s IQ level. By changing the way exams are conducted, technology may be able to solve this issue. Technology solutions can now assist in teaching and testing practical knowledge as well as enhancing weak communication skills.
Additionally, in place of hour-long exams that are once again focused on theoretical aspects, they are also getting them involved in extracurricular activities.
5. Lack Of Training
A significant portion of the curriculum of the Indian Education System typically focuses on rote memorization. It consists of a lot of theoretical stuff. It is so common that even to get admitted to a school a child should know the numbers, alphabet and other basic knowledge too. Once they are admitted, children are only appreciated for memorizing answers word by word.
It means that instead of implementing practical learning in schools, the instructors place more emphasis on conceptual understanding and neglect the practical learning way. Practical applications of solutions and visual materials are not frequently used. As a result, everyone who graduated high school remembers that Mitochondria are the cell’s powerhouse, but not many people can do their taxes. This is all due to the lack of training of instructors as well as students and this is one of the common major problems in the Indian Education System.
Similar Problems in the Indian Education System occur at the level of college when students receive their degrees purely based on written exams but have no practical knowledge.
In order to support actual hands-on learning, technology can be used to transform traditional ways of teaching into engaging and interactive experiences. Education will be then a perfect mixture of theoretical understanding and practical knowledge. Training semesters, workshops, and practical subjects should be part of the college curriculum; however, students should also be taught employability skills.
How Should We Proceed?
To create a perfect education system in India, a great deal of what parents, educators, and policymakers already know will need to be relearned. These issues are recognised in the new education policy that was set up in 2020 and is trying to eliminate them by including more versatile subjects, adding more practical subjects and offering students the freedom to select the course that works best for them.
Parents need to know and understand that the learning process and education are very dynamic. With the help of advanced technology, the quality of education is improving day by day and the idea of online learning has become very popular. As the Indian education sector expands and changes, it does face some challenges.
The ed-tech platforms are collaborating to ensure that every obstacle is overcome to help the education sector in overcoming challenges. It contributes to making learning enjoyable and interesting while strongly emphasizing holistic development. To take advantage of technological advancements, it is anticipated that adopting online learning will help a great deal in resolving the major problems in the Indian Education System is currently facing!
So, these were some of the top 5 major problems in the Indian Education System.